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Arkansas’s unemployment rate up to 4.8 percent in March


LITTLE ROCK, Ark.- The unemployment rate rose to 4.8 percent in March, according to Labor force data released Friday by the Arkansas Division of Workforce Services.

That is an increase of one and three-tenths of a percentage point from the rate in February (3.5 percent).

Arkansas’ civilian labor force increased 19,039, a result of 18,526 more unemployed and 513 more employed Arkansans. The United States’ jobless rate rose nine-tenths of a
percentage point, going from 3.5 percent in February to 4.4 percent in March.

BLS Program Operations Manager Susan Price said, “Due to the unprecedented nature of the COVID 19 outbreak, changes were made to the models that calculate employment and unemployment across the country. The increase in the number of unemployed Arkansans is, in large part, a reflection of the number of Unemployment Insurance claims filed during the week
of March 12th. The small gain in employment is based largely on a monthly survey of Arkansas households, which was significantly impacted by the outbreak. Please see the note below for more detailed information on the data collection and how the Bureau of Labor Statistics is making changes to fully capture the impact of the pandemic on the workforce.”

The U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics released the following statement of the impact of the coronavirus on March estimates:

The labor market data from the establishment and household surveys for March broadly reflect the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. BLS cannot precisely quantify the effects of the pandemic on the job market in March. However, it is clear that the changes in employment and unemployment can be ascribed to the effects of the illness and efforts to contain the virus.

It is important to keep in mind that the March survey reference periods for both surveys predated many coronavirus-related business and school closures in the second half of the month. In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and who are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they continue to receive benefits. The establishment survey depends on the availability of survey respondents. Collection was adversely impacted due to the inability to reach some respondents. The collection rate for the establishment survey, at 66 percent, was about 9 percentage points lower than average. Although the collection rate was adversely affected by pandemic-related issues, BLS was still able to obtain estimates that met our standards for accuracy and reliability.

After careful evaluation, BLS staff determined that an unusually large number of household survey data series had outliers in March. Outlier detection is a usual part of the seasonal adjustment process. After manually designating these March estimates as outliers, BLS reran the seasonal adjustment models. For some data series, this had a substantive effect on March estimates. The full notes concerning the March estimates are available here on the BLS website.

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics

Arkansas Nonfarm Payroll Job Summary:
Nonfarm payroll jobs in Arkansas decreased by 2,000 to 1,271,500 jobs. Four major industry sectors added jobs. Mining, Logging & Construction increased by 1,000. Trade, Transportation & Utilities increased by 1,100. Financial Activities increased by 300. Professional & Business Services increased the most, by 2,900 jobs. The government sector increased by 800 jobs.

Compared to March 2019, Arkansas’s nonfarm payroll jobs are down by 5,700. Eight major industry sectors posted declines, while employment in four sectors increased. The largest decrease occurred in Manufacturing (-4,700). Durable Goods reported most of the loss (-4,300). Jobs in Leisure & Hospitality are down by 4,300 compared to March 2019. Food services reported the largest decrease (-4,900). Government employment decrease by 1,400 jobs compared to March 2019. The majority of those were in local government, education services subsector (-2,100). Employment in financial activities decreased by 700 jobs, all in Finance & Insurance (-900). Educational and health services increased by 1,300 jobs compared to the same time last year. Increases were largely in Mining, Logging & Construction (1,500), Trade, Transportation & Utilities (1,100), Professional & Business Services (2,700) and Educational & Health Services (1,300).

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