There are four common parenting styles typically considered in the mental health world: Authoritative, Authoritarian, Permissive and Uninvolved/Neglecting. It is important to recognize which one we are so we can understand certain behaviors in our children as they respond to our style. There is research to suggest that certain behaviors in children are a direct result of the parenting styles used by their caretakers. Understanding these parenting styles can also help direct discipline of children and while one style does not fit every situation, it does help to realize if you are not happy with the style you typically use that you can change.
Parents establish the rules and require children to follow these rules without exception or questioning. Children are not involved with problem solving and are just meant to obey rules. Parents using this style typically respond with “because I said so” and children are infrequently given explanations for the rules. Authoritarian parents use punishment instead of consequences. Children will likely grow up to be rule followers but hostility and aggression can be present. Read More: 10 Signs You May be an Authoritarian Parent
This type of parenting is ideal for many reasons. Authoritative parents use consequnces instead of punishment and usually involve the child in limit setting. These parents also recognize the need for rewarding positive behavior and use rewards systems and praise. Children raised under this style tend to be well adjusted, successful and happy. They are often able to make decisions and feel safe expressing their opinions.
Permissive parents don’t tend to engage in much discipline unless there is a serious problem. These parents are lenient and offer few consequences for poor behavior and often appear more similar to a friend than a parent. Children of these parents can lack an appreciation for authority and exhibit behavioral problems. See the 10 Telltale Signs that You're a Permissive Parent). Read More: The Consequences of Permissive Parenting on Children
Uninvolved parents are typically neglectful. They are unable to unwilling to meet their child’s basic needs and almost require the child to raise themselves. Due to whatever reason,
these parents have little information about their child’s activities and behaviors and there are very few rules, if any. These children might struggle with low self-esteem behavioral problems and have low academic performance.
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